Korean is spoken in the Korean peninsula in northeast Asia (South and North Korea), but also in China, Japan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, the USA and Russia. The language is spoken worldwide by about 80 million people. Korean is the official language of both the Republic of Korea (South Korea) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea). Korean has numerous local dialects (called mal (말), saturi (사투리), or bang'eon (방언). The standard language (which is spoken in North Korea, as well as in South Korea) is based on the dialect of the area around Seoul, though the northern standard has been influenced by the dialect of P'yŏngyang. Despite the differences between the dialects, such as vowel length or the presence of Middle Korean sounds (such as z, β, ə), all of them are at least partially mutually intelligible.With our team of experienced, bilingual
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The Korean language is considered to be a member of the Altaic family of languages, which originated in northern Asia and includes the Mongol, Turkic, Finnish, Hungarian, and Tungusic (Manchu) languages. This theory is called the Northern theory, but there is a second theory,
the so-called Southern theory, according to which Korean belongs to the Austronesian language family.
Chinese writing has been known in Korea for over 2,000 years and it was widely used during the Chinese occupation of northern Korea from 108 BC to 313 AD. By the 5th century AD, the Koreans were starting to write in Classical Chinese, but they later came up with three different systems for writing Korean with Chinese characters, which are similar to those developed in Japan. Hangeul (한글), Korea's official alphabet, was first invented by King Sejong, in 1443, and adopted by the King in 1446. There are 24 signs which represent syllabic units made up of two, three, or four letters.
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